Safety and Efficacy of miltefosine alone and in combination with sodium stibogluconate and liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of primary visceral leishmaniasis in East Africa: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Omollo R, Alexander N, Edwards T, Khalil EAG, Younis BM, Abuzaid AA, Wasunna M, Njoroge N, Kinoti D, Kirigi G, PC Dorlo TPC, Ellis S, Balasegaram M and Musa AM. Trials 2011, doi:10.1186/1745-6215-12-166.

Summary: Treatment options for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in East Africa are far from satisfactory due to cost, toxicity, prolonged treatment duration or emergence of parasite resistance. Hence there is a need to explore alternative treatment protocols such as miltefosine alone or in combinations including miltefosine, sodium stibogluconate (SSG) or liposomal amphotericin B. The aim of this trial is to identify regimen(s) which are sufficiently promising for future trials in East Africa.

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